Hormuz Island is part of Qeshm County in Hormozgan Province, and most tourists visiting Qeshm include a trip to Hormuz as part of their itinerary. In this article, we will explore Hormuz Island and its attractions:

Geographical and Geological Features

Hormuz Island lies east of Qeshm Island and south of Bandar Abbas. Geologically, it is a salt dome, where you can see crystal salt and volcanic deposits resulting from geological activities. Hormuz Island is often called a geologist’s paradise due to its diverse soil types and colors, products of various geological events.

Additionally, Hormuz Island holds a unique and strategic position in the Persian Gulf, making it significant both commercially and strategically. This importance attracted Portuguese and later British colonizers to the island.

The primary occupation of Hormuz’s inhabitants is fishing. However, with the increase in tourism, more locals are engaging in the tourism industry, providing eco-lodging, ground and sea transportation, and local cuisine to tourists.

History of Hormuz

Initially, Hormuz was a port at the mouth of the Minab River into the Persian Gulf. Following the Mongol invasion, Hormuz’s residents migrated to the current island, gradually building and developing it. The Portuguese occupied Hormuz later, and they, the first European colonizers, controlled it for nearly a century. During the Safavid era, Shah Abbas ordered Imam Qoli Khan to reclaim southern Iran from the Portuguese. After Imam Qoli Khan’s victory, Gombroon Port was renamed Bandar Abbas.

Why Visit Hormuz Island?

Unique Experience: A unique experience in a joyful yet relaxing environment.
Natural Beauty: Opportunity to see some of the most beautiful and magnificent natural scenes in Iran.
Attractions: Visiting the Meditation Cave and the Salt Goddess Mountain.
Red Beach: Walking along the Red Beach and watching the red waves.
Golden Stream: Leisurely time beside the Golden Stream and its crystalline surroundings.
Colored Soil Beach: Viewing the unique colors of the soil on the beach.
Statue Valley: Exploring the Valley of Statues and its incredible natural sculptures.
Handicrafts: Purchasing beautiful handicrafts, including embroidered fabrics, women’s masks, and shell jewelry.
Local Culture: Engaging with the warm and friendly locals of Hormuz Island.
Local Cuisine: Tasting the delicious local and seafood dishes.
Cultural Insight: Learning about the rich culture of southern Iran’s inhabitants.
Water Activities: Swimming, diving, and boating in the blue waters of the Persian Gulf.
Wildlife: Discovering unique wildlife, such as bottlenose dolphins, Persian gazelles, hawksbill turtles, and various migratory and seabirds.

Natural and Tourist Highlights of Hormuz Island

Upon arrival, tourists will be amazed by the island’s unique and colorful soil. The yellow, red, turquoise, and orange earth creates an unforgettable scene. This beauty is enhanced by the clear turquoise sea.

Watching dolphins jump alongside boats is another memorable experience. Diving with large turtles is one of the most fascinating parts of this trip. In the clear waters of the Persian Gulf, you can see rare and exotic fish.

Exploring an island with millions of years of sedimentary history is an unparalleled feeling. Camping on a silver sandy beach, watching waves filled with phytoplankton glow, and gazing at the moonlight and starry sky create a serene and unique experience.

The colossal statues and magnificent corridors of the Valley of Statues further add to this beautiful imagery. Meeting cheerful locals and listening to their traditional music rejuvenates the spirit.

Red Beach

Red Beach, also known as Clay Beach, is famous for its red soil due to its mineral and iron oxide content. Locals use this soil to make a condiment called “Suragh” for their traditional dishes. The beach is a fascinating sight, with red soil and red-tinted waves where the sea meets the shore.

Salt Goddess

A significant part of Hormuz Island comprises its salt dome, containing various types of crystal and edible salt. The area known as the Salt Goddess is where you can see a mountain range made of salt crystals, with walls of salt crystal flanking the path.

Valley of Statues

Located at the southernmost point of Hormuz Island, the Valley of Statues features rocks and cliffs shaped into astonishing forms by chemical reactions and erosion. At the end of this valley, you reach a high point overlooking the Persian Gulf, offering a panoramic view of the sea.

Rainbow Valley

Hormuz Island’s soils exhibit various colors due to chemical reactions. In the Rainbow Valley, you can see a diverse array of soils forming the mountains through sedimentary processes. Lime creates white, copper green, iron red, and other elements combine to produce different colors.

Mangrove Forests

Hormuz Island, like Qeshm, has a mangrove forest in its northeast region, though on a smaller scale.

Jerry Pollock’s Historic House

Jerry Pollock, an artist and painter from the Czech Republic, built this house during the Pahlavi era. It is now a bicycle rental spot for tourists.

Portuguese Castle of Hormuz

The Portuguese ruled Hormuz Island for nearly a century and built an extensive castle using coral stones, camouflaging it with green stones to blend with the surrounding sea. The castle included a church, barracks, and command post. After the Portuguese left, locals converted the church into a cistern to store water. The design and material of the cistern keep the water clean and fresh for a long time. Over the years, sea sediments have buried parts of the castle, such as the barracks, under the sand.

Dr. Ahmad Nadalian Museum

Ahmad Nadalian, an environmental artist, established this educational and artistic center showcasing and teaching southern Iran’s traditional arts.

How to Reach Hormuz Island?

The simplest way to reach Hormuz Island is by air. Booking flights online to Bandar Abbas or Qeshm has made travel easier. Alternatively, you can travel to Bandar Abbas by train, bus, or car. Hormuz is 8 km from Bandar Abbas, and from there, you can take a boat from Haqani Pier to the island. After reaching Qeshm, you can also take a 50-minute boat ride to Hormuz.

Nestled in the azure waters of the Persian Gulf, Qeshm Island is Iran’s largest island and a hidden gem waiting to be discovered. This captivating destination boasts a rich tapestry of natural wonders, cultural heritage, and unique experiences that make it a must-visit for any traveler. In this comprehensive travel guide, we will explore the myriad attractions of Qeshm Island, providing you with everything you need to plan an unforgettable trip.

Introduction to Qeshm Island

Qeshm Island is situated in the Strait of Hormuz, strategically positioned at the crossroads of ancient maritime trade routes. Spanning approximately 1,491 square kilometers, it is renowned for its diverse landscapes, which range from rugged mountains and lush mangroves to pristine beaches and mysterious caves. The island’s unique geological features have earned it a place in the UNESCO Global Geoparks Network.

Natural Attractions

Hara Forests (Mangrove Forests)

One of Qeshm’s most iconic natural attractions is the Hara Forests, a vast expanse of mangroves that cover around 8,000 hectares. These forests are a sanctuary for a wide variety of bird species, making it a paradise for bird watchers. Visitors can explore the forests by boat, gliding through the tranquil waters and observing the rich biodiversity.

Chahkooh Canyon

Chahkooh Canyon is a geological marvel that showcases the island’s dramatic landscape. This stunning canyon features towering walls of rock, intricately carved by centuries of erosion. The narrow passageways and unique formations create a surreal environment that is perfect for hiking and photography. As you wander through the canyon, you’ll encounter natural wells that have been carved into the rock, adding to the mystique of the place.


Naz Islands

The Naz Islands are two small tidal islands located off the southern coast of Qeshm. These islands are only accessible during low tide, creating a unique opportunity for visitors to walk across the seabed. The crystal-clear waters surrounding the islands are ideal for snorkeling and swimming, offering a glimpse of the vibrant marine life that inhabits the area.

Qeshm Island

Cultural and Historical Sites

Qeshm Old Bazaar

The Qeshm Old Bazaar is a bustling marketplace where visitors can immerse themselves in the local culture. Here, you can find a wide array of traditional handicrafts, spices, textiles, and souvenirs. The vibrant atmosphere, coupled with the friendly demeanor of the local vendors, makes it a delightful place to explore and shop.

Portuguese Castle

The Portuguese Castle, also known as the Fort of Our Lady of the Conception, is a historical landmark that dates back to the 16th century. Built by the Portuguese during their occupation of the island, the castle stands as a testament to the island’s strategic importance in maritime history. The fort offers panoramic views of the surrounding area, providing a glimpse into Qeshm’s storied past.

qeshm portuguese fort

Laft Village

Laft Village is a traditional settlement that offers a window into the island’s rich cultural heritage. The village is famous for its windcatchers (badgirs), which are traditional ventilation structures designed to cool homes in the hot climate. Walking through the narrow alleys of Laft, visitors can admire the beautifully preserved architecture and experience the island’s traditional way of life.

Adventure Activities

Diving and Snorkeling

The waters surrounding Qeshm Island are teeming with marine life, making it a prime destination for diving and snorkeling. Several dive centers on the island offer guided tours and equipment rental, allowing visitors to explore vibrant coral reefs, underwater caves, and shipwrecks. The warm waters and excellent visibility ensure a memorable underwater experience.

Hiking and Trekking

Qeshm’s diverse landscapes provide ample opportunities for hiking and trekking enthusiasts. From the rugged terrains of Chahkooh Canyon to the scenic trails of the Hara Forests, there are routes suitable for all levels of fitness. Guided tours are available for those who wish to learn more about the island’s geology and ecology while enjoying the great outdoors.

Boat Tours

Boat tours are a popular way to explore Qeshm’s coastline and nearby islands. These tours offer a unique perspective of the island’s natural beauty, with opportunities to spot dolphins, sea turtles, and various seabirds. Sunset cruises are particularly enchanting, providing a serene and picturesque end to a day of exploration.

Practical Information

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Qeshm Island is during the cooler months, from October to April. During this period, the weather is pleasant, with mild temperatures and low humidity, making it ideal for outdoor activities and sightseeing. The summer months can be extremely hot and humid, which may limit your ability to explore the island comfortably.

Getting There

Qeshm Island is accessible by both air and sea. The island has its own airport, Qeshm International Airport (GSM), which receives flights from major cities in Iran. Alternatively, visitors can take a ferry from Bandar Abbas, the nearest mainland city, to Qeshm. The ferry ride takes about 45 minutes and offers scenic views of the Persian Gulf.


Qeshm Island offers a range of accommodation options to suit all budgets and preferences. From luxury hotels and resorts to budget-friendly guesthouses and eco-lodges, there is something for everyone. It is advisable to book your accommodation in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons.

Local Cuisine

The local cuisine of Qeshm Island is a delightful fusion of Persian and Arabian flavors, reflecting its historical ties to maritime trade. Seafood is a staple, with dishes such as grilled fish, shrimp kebabs, and seafood stews being popular choices. Don’t miss the opportunity to try “havari,” a traditional dish made with rice, fish, and aromatic spices. Local markets and restaurants offer a variety of dining options to satisfy your culinary cravings.


Qeshm Island is a treasure trove of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and adventure waiting to be explored. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, history buff, or simply seeking a unique travel experience, Qeshm has something to offer. From its stunning landscapes and rich biodiversity to its vibrant markets and historical landmarks, the island promises an unforgettable journey. Plan your trip to Qeshm Island and discover the hidden wonders of this Persian Gulf gem.

By following this comprehensive guide, you’ll be well-equipped to make the most of your visit to Qeshm Island, ensuring a memorable and enriching travel experience.


Nestled on the southern coast of Iran, Bandar Abbas serves as the bustling capital of Hormozgan Province. This city, with its strategic position on the Strait of Hormuz, offers a unique blend of historical intrigue, cultural richness, and economic vitality. Whether you are an adventurous traveler or a history buff, Bandar Abbas promises a memorable journey into the heart of the Persian Gulf. In this article, we’ll explore the top attractions, local cuisine, and cultural experiences that make Bandar Abbas a must-visit destination.

Bandar Abbas

Historical Attractions

Bandar Abbas has a storied past that captivates visitors. The city was historically known as Gamrun, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz made it a significant port throughout history. The Portuguese Castle, built in the 16th century during Portugal’s brief control over the region, stands as a testament to Bandar Abbas’ strategic importance. Touring this fortress offers insight into the colonial influences and architectural styles of the time.

Another historical landmark is the Hormozgan Maritime Museum, which showcases the maritime heritage of the region. The museum houses ancient maritime artifacts, maps, and models of traditional ships used in the Persian Gulf.

Vibrant Markets and Local Crafts

The Bandar Abbas Bazaar is a bustling marketplace where visitors can immerse themselves in local culture. It’s the perfect place to find traditional goods such as handwoven carpets, spices, and handicrafts. The bazaar is not just a shopping destination but a sensory experience, with the vibrant colors and aromatic scents of spices and Persian sweets filling the air.

Handicrafts in Bandar Abbas are particularly noteworthy, with local artisans specializing in pottery, embroidery, and woodwork. These crafts make for meaningful souvenirs that reflect the rich cultural tapestry of Iran.

Stunning Natural Landscapes

Bandar Abbas offers access to some of Iran’s most beautiful natural attractions. The Hara Forests of Qeshm Island, accessible via a short boat ride, are known for their mangrove ecosystems. These forests are not only a haven for biodiversity but also offer serene spots for bird watching and nature photography.

Bandar Abbas

The beaches near Bandar Abbas provide a relaxing escape from the city. Sandy Beach, with its crystal-clear waters and golden sands, is ideal for swimming and sunbathing. Meanwhile, the more secluded Silver Beach offers tranquility and privacy, perfect for those seeking a quiet retreat.

Local Cuisine

The cuisine of Bandar Abbas is heavily influenced by its location along the sea. Seafood is a staple, with dishes like Mahi-e Talaie (golden fish) and Shrimp Curry reflecting the local flavors. The use of spices such as saffron and turmeric adds a distinctive taste that sets Hormozgan’s culinary offerings apart from other Iranian cuisines.

Don’t miss trying the traditional Hormozgan Date Halwa, a sweet delicacy made from dates, a prominent local produce, flavored with cardamom and coconut.

Cultural Festivals and Events in  Bandar Abbas

Bandar Abbas is vibrant with cultural festivals that celebrate the diverse heritage of the region. The Bandar Abbas National Day features parades, music performances, and traditional dances, providing visitors with an opportunity to engage with the local community and its traditions.

The Annual Dhow Festival in nearby Kish Island showcases traditional wooden dhows used in pearl diving and fishing. This event includes races, craft exhibitions, and cultural performances, highlighting the maritime culture of the Persian Gulf.


Bandar Abbas is more than just a gateway to the beautiful islands of Hormozgan Province; it’s a city rich with history, culture, and natural beauty. Its strategic location has shaped its past and continues to influence its present, making it an intriguing destination for tourists. From historical sites and bustling markets to stunning beaches and delicious cuisine, Bandar Abbas offers a comprehensive glimpse into the life of southern Iran. Whether you are planning a cultural pilgrimage or a leisurely vacation, Bandar Abbas welcomes you with open arms and promises an unforgettable experience.

Nestled on the southwestern coast of Iran, Bushehr is a province that epitomizes the blend of traditional charm and modern vitality. Known as “The Energy Capital of Iran,” Bushehr is not just a geographic wonder with over 707 kilometers of coastline, but it also stands as the third-largest economy in the nation, boasting the highest per capita income in the country.


Historical Richness of Bushehr

Bushehr’s storied past reaches back to the Elamite era, through the dominance of the Persian Empire, and into its critical role in maritime trade during the Islamic Golden Age. The ancient city of Siraf, once a bustling port, underscores Bushehr’s significant historical importance in regional trade. Today, relics like the Siraf archaeological site and the traditional architecture of Bushehr’s old quarters provide a window into its rich past.


Cultural Tapestry

The culture of Bushehr is a vibrant tapestry, enriched by diverse dialects and customs. While Persian is the lingua franca, regional languages such as Arabic and Lori also flourish here. Cultural highlights include traditional music instruments like ‘senj’ and ‘damam’ and local festivities that celebrate the province’s maritime heritage, such as the annual Fishing Festival and water sports competitions along its beautiful beaches.

Culinary Delights

Bushehr’s cuisine is a delectable testament to its coastal and agricultural bounty. Seafood dishes such as ‘Ghalyeh Mahi’ (spicy fish stew) and ‘Mahi Shekam Por’ (stuffed fish) are local favorites. The region’s date palms also produce some of the finest dates in Iran, which feature prominently in both savory dishes and desserts like ‘ranginak’ (date and walnut sweet).

Natural Beauty and Climate

The province’s climate varies from humid maritime along the coast to arid desert inland. This diverse environment supports unique ecosystems, including the lush Hara forests and the vibrant marine life of the Persian Gulf, making it a haven for nature lovers and eco-tourists. The serene beaches, from the bustling shores of Bushehr city to the tranquil waters of the Asaluyeh region, offer peaceful retreats and are perfect for water sports.

Why Visit Bushehr?

Visiting Bushehr offers a unique blend of historical exploration, cultural immersion, and natural beauty. The province serves as a living museum of Iran’s ancient civilizations, a vibrant showcase of Persian Gulf culture, and a thriving example of economic prosperity driven by its energy sector. Whether you’re exploring its ancient ruins, enjoying its musical heritage, or relaxing by its azure waters, Bushehr invites you to experience the warmth of its people and the richness of its heritage.


Come and experience Bushehr—where history, culture, and modernity meet by the beautiful shores of the Persian Gulf.

Fandoghloo Forest, straddling the border between Ardabil and Gilan provinces, is a miniature paradise not hidden from anyone. Gilan is known for its numerous beauties, and Ardabil is no less impressive with its captivating natural beauty. Imagine the magic that occurs on the border of these two beautiful, lush provinces. Fandoghloo Forest is situated precisely on this border, part in Gilan and part in Ardabil, though the majority lies within Ardabil, often considered its rightful home. But what truly happens in this enchanting forest?

Fandoghloo Forest

Fandoghloo Forest, a real embodiment of greenery near Ardabil, inherits the cold mountain air and drags the lushness of Gilan with it. This combination has turned Fandoghloo Forest into a diverse habitat of plant species. The prevalence of hazelnut trees in the area has given the forest its name.

The attractions of Fandoghloo Forest are numerous, from wandering through the forest to seeing chamomile fields; every moment brings a surprise. Despite a portion belonging to Gilan, it’s closer to Ardabil. A 25-kilometer journey southeast of Ardabil brings you to this forest.

Spanning 16,000 hectares and located 10 kilometers from the city of Namin, the forest is known for the constant humidity of the city and its “moist” etymology. Hours can be spent in this vast, beautiful, and scenic forest, enjoying various activities.

Why visit Fandoghloo Forest?

With rising travel costs, this question becomes relevant. First, its proximity to Ardabil makes it easily accessible and worth visiting. Besides scenic natural views, there are numerous activities to engage in.

Thus, it’s useful to split the attractions of Fandoghloo Forest into two categories: natural sights and various activities.

Natural Attractions:

Fields covered with white chamomile flowers are a testament to God’s generosity to this beautiful region. Visiting in late spring or early summer, you might think the land is covered in snow from afar, but up close, it’s fields of chamomile that have medicinal uses and are recognized for their beauty.

Activities and Leisure:

The Hiran cable car, one of the most standard in Iran, offers breathtaking views of green landscapes from a height. For those seeking a luxurious experience, VIP cable cars with leather seats and refreshments are available.

Why Should We Come to Fandoghloo Forest?

Given the increasing cost of travel, this question inevitably arises. Primarily, the forest is located just 25 kilometers from Ardabil, making it highly accessible and thus, worth the visit. Additionally, beyond the stunning natural landscapes, there are numerous recreational activities available in the area.

Dividing Fandoghloo Forest’s attractions into two main categories – natural sights and various activities – allows for a clearer understanding of what to expect:

Natural Sights of Fandoghloo Forest:

Chamomile Fields:
The area is renowned for its chamomile fields, a plant widely used in traditional medicine. In spring and early summer, these fields blossom, covering the land in white. The sight is unique to this region, offering pure beauty as far as the eye can see.

Chamomile Festival:
This festival, held annually around May or June, allows visitors to enjoy the natural scenery and learn more about this medicinal plant. If you’re interested in immersing yourself in the local culture, this festival is an ideal opportunity. Planning your visit around this time is highly recommended.

Mishe Sui Hot Spring:
A small hot spring waterfall into a stone pool adds to the beauty of the area. Visiting cities near Tabriz and Ardabil often comes with the expectation of hot springs, and Mishe Sui Hot Spring, or Ali Dashi, is a famous hot spring in this area. Even in colder months, you can enjoy the warmth of this natural pool, surrounded by scenic views.

Surrounding Natural Sights:
The beauty of Fandoghloo Forest isn’t limited to hot springs and chamomile fields. The area is covered with dense, intertwined trees casting shadows over the land. With various trees like wild apple, medlar, wild strawberry bushes, and hazelnut trees, along with other rare plants, the region offers a unique ecosystem.

Fandoghloo Forest

The cool mountain air caresses your face throughout the year, allowing you to breathe in pure oxygen deeply. Indeed, it’s a place where one can truly lose themselves in the splendor of nature, almost heavenly in its description.

Leisure Activities in Fandoghloo Forest:

Cable Car Rides:
For those who enjoy cable car rides, the Hiran cable car is a familiar name, considered one of Iran’s most standard cable cars. With a length of 1752 meters and thirty six-seater cabins in operation, it can transport 1350 people per hour. Starting near Hiran Pass, you can enjoy approximately 2 kilometers of scenic views from above. For those not fond of small spaces or old seats, VIP cable cars with leather seats and refreshments are available, offering a unique view of Fandoghloo Forest, Hiran Pass, the mountains of the Republic of Azerbaijan, and the Caspian Sea from above.

Fandoghloo Forest

The cable car ride costs twenty-five thousand Tomans and operates from 9 am to 9 pm, ready to serve visitors.

Hiking is a popular activity in any natural area. In Fandoghloo Forest, you can stroll through lush meadows and dense forests. Various hiking tours are organized, allowing you to explore the area thoroughly.

Different hiking trails are available, suitable for various fitness levels. Even if you’re not in top physical shape, you can enjoy walks through flat, beautiful chamomile fields. It’s best to start early in the morning to finish your hike before noon.

Mountain Climbing:
As mentioned, Fandoghloo Forest is located in a mountainous area, creating a challenging yet accessible path for mountain climbing enthusiasts. If you enjoy mountain climbing, remember to bring your equipment. A bit of climbing offers a breathtaking view from the nearest peak, including the Caspian Sea, Fandoghloo Forest, and surrounding meadows, and possibly even the mountains of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

This mountain climbing experience will remain memorable for years. Many groups come together to conquer nearby peaks. Although the path to the peak isn’t overly mountainous or dangerous, it’s still advisable to climb in groups.

Cycling is another exciting activity in the area. If you have a mountain bike, there’s no better place than Fandoghloo Forest for a ride through nature. You can cycle through flat fields around the forest and among spring flowers, reaching the forest itself.

Cycling through the fields and forest offers a unique experience, so don’t forget your mountain bike if you’re planning a trip to Fandoghloo Forest.

Grass Skiing:
Grass skiing is one of the most enjoyable current sports, and fortunately, a standard international grass skiing slope is available at an altitude of 1700 meters within this area. If you’re interested in this sport, you can thoroughly enjoy yourself at the Fandoghloo grass skiing slope, taking in the mountain air and scenic views.

Most athletes from Ardabil and nearby cities visit this slope for grass skiing, so you needn’t worry about its condition. Unfortunately, grass skiing slopes aren’t available in every city, so if you’re excited about this, remember to bring your skiing gear on your trip to Fandoghloo Forest!

Camping in Surrounding Fields:
Nature lovers often prefer to camp at least once during their trip. Camping and staying overnight in many natural areas can be challenging and dangerous, but not in Fandoghloo Forest. You can easily set up camp in the surrounding fields, enjoying a night in untouched nature.

Imagine the joy of waking up to the sound of birds and a view of chamomile flowers. Regardless of the season, ensure you have sufficient heating equipment and plan group travels for camping.

When to Visit Fandoghloo Forest?

As mentioned, visiting from late spring to early summer allows you to witness the blooming chamomile fields and their heavenly fields. Spring is generally the best season to visit Fandoghloo Forest, with pleasant weather and the fragrance of spring flowers.

If you’re looking to escape the summer heat, Fandoghloo Forest is an excellent choice, offering cool and enjoyable weather. However, direct sunlight in summer might be slightly bothersome.

In autumn, the weather begins to cool down. Visiting Fandoghloo Forest becomes increasingly challenging from mid-autumn onwards, with fewer tourists in the area. Winter covers the meadows in snow. While autumn and winter have their unique beauty, they pose difficulties for most people, and visiting Fandoghloo Forest during these seasons is generally not recommended.

What Equipment or Skills Are Needed for Visiting Fandoghloo Forest?

You don’t need specific equipment or skills to visit Fandoghloo Forest. It depends on how you wish to enjoy the area. If you’re interested in hiking, mountain climbing, or cycling, you should bring the related equipment.

You can enjoy the paths and pristine nature without engaging in physical activities. However, if you plan on undertaking sports activities, ensure you have appropriate shoes and clothing. Regardless, don’t forget your camera. Capturing your moments in this beautiful and scenic nature is invaluable.

Facilities and Services Around Fandoghloo Forest:

Fortunately, thanks to environmental protection efforts, commercial and welfare complexes haven’t been established in this area yet. However, a small complex with water fountains, restrooms, and a prayer room has been built, ensuring access to basic amenities.

Yet, no stores or restaurants are in sight, so bring sufficient water and food to avoid difficulties during your visit.

Staying in Fandoghloo Forest:

While some prefer camping and staying in the forest, others travel with families and cannot choose between forest stays and tent nights. Fortunately, a small accommodation complex within the forest offers a few rooms for rent. If you’re considering this option, remember to bring your documents.

Chamomile Fields of Fandoghloo Forest:

Additionally, if you’re looking for a safe camping spot, you can set up next to this accommodation complex. Besides security peace of mind, you’ll have access to water fountains, restrooms, and a prayer room. However, remember that even in summer, nights in Fandoghloo Forest can be cold. Therefore, bring sleeping bags, blankets, and similar items.

Accessing Fandoghloo Forest:

Fandoghloo Forest on Google Maps:

If you’re familiar with the route through Hiran Pass, accessing Fandoghloo Forest won’t be difficult. Once at Hiran Pass, look for the entrance sign to the village of Gildeh. Continuing on this path will lead you to Fandoghloo Forest.

Another access route exists. This paved road easily guides you towards the forest, particularly from Ardabil. When traveling from Ardabil towards Astara, you’ll reach the city of Namin. Before entering Namin, a guide sign will direct you towards Fandoghloo Forest.

A Message to Our Dear Zhivar Travel Companions:
Sometimes, introducing scenic and natural areas can be a significant injustice to them. Many tourists litter or create uncontrollable fires in these areas. These natural sites are our last hope for survival. Without them, we would undoubtedly face problems.

In Fandoghloo Forest, beautiful marals have been released, belonging to rare species. It’s essential to treat animals, plants, and nature better, preserving this legacy for future generations.

Dear Zhivar companions, what are your thoughts on Fandoghloo Forest? Have you visited this area? If so, share your travel experience with us. Remember, we love reading about your experiences and opinions.


Nestled in the heart of Iran’s Ardabil province, the charming town of Sarein is famed for its therapeutic hot springs, attracting health enthusiasts and tourists from across the globe. Known as the “Spa City,” Sarein’s mineral-rich waters are believed to possess healing properties, offering a unique blend of natural beauty and wellness. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the allure of Sarein’s hot springs, exploring their health benefits, cultural significance, and how visitors can make the most of their journey to this rejuvenating destination.

The Healing Powers of Sarein’s Hot Springs

Sarein’s hot springs emerge from the Earth’s crust, heated by geothermal energy, rich in minerals like lithium, calcium, and magnesium. These elements are thought to have various health benefits, including improving skin conditions, relieving muscle pains, and aiding in the treatment of rheumatic diseases and post-injury rehabilitation. The town boasts several springs, each known for its unique properties and temperatures, ranging from warm to boiling hot.

Discovering the Springs: A Tourist’s Itinerary

Gavmish Goli: Famous for its therapeutic mud, Gavmish Goli is a must-visit for those seeking skin treatments. The warm mud is applied directly to the skin, drawing out impurities and providing a natural spa experience.

Sabalan Spring: With water temperatures reaching up to 45°C (113°F), Sabalan is ideal for those looking to ease muscular and joint discomfort. Its high mineral content is especially beneficial for rheumatic conditions.


Besh Bajilar Spring: Offering a cooler experience, Besh Bajilar is perfect for relaxing soaks after a day of exploring. Its waters are said to have rejuvenating effects on the body and mind.

Cultural Significance and Legends

The hot springs of Sarein are not only a natural wonder but also a cultural treasure. Locals believe these waters are blessed, with legends recounting the healing of warriors and kings throughout history. The springs are a focal point during Nowruz (Persian New Year) and other traditional celebrations, where people from all walks of life come together in the spirit of health and renewal.


Eco-Tourism and Activities

Sarein is committed to preserving its natural environment, promoting eco-friendly tourism practices. Visitors can enjoy guided nature walks, explore the nearby Sabalan mountains, or visit the Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardabili shrine in Ardabil. The region’s lush landscapes offer the perfect backdrop for photography, hiking, and bird watching, making it a haven for nature lovers.

Local Cuisine and Accommodations

Experiencing Sarein’s local cuisine is a journey in itself. Traditional dishes such as “Ash-e Doogh” (yogurt soup) and “Kebab Torsh” tantalize the taste buds, offering a glimpse into the rich culinary heritage of Ardabil. The town provides a range of accommodations, from luxurious spa resorts to cozy guesthouses, catering to every budget and preference. Many hotels offer private baths, allowing guests to enjoy the mineral-rich waters in the privacy of their rooms.

Conservation Efforts

The preservation of Sarein’s hot springs is paramount. Local authorities and international organizations work together to ensure sustainable tourism practices are in place, safeguarding the springs for future generations. Visitors are encouraged to respect the natural environment, adhering to guidelines that help maintain the purity and integrity of the waters.



Sarein’s hot springs offer more than just a place for relaxation and wellness; they are a gateway to exploring Iran’s natural beauty, cultural richness, and gastronomic delights. Whether you’re seeking healing, adventure, or tranquility, Sarein provides a serene escape into the heart of Ardabil’s majestic landscapes. With its unique blend of natural wonders and cultural experiences, Sarein is indeed a destination that promises to heal the body, enrich the soul, and inspire the mind.

Nestled in the northwest of Iran, the province of Ardabil is a land of historical depth and natural splendor, offering a unique blend of cultural heritage and breathtaking landscapes. Known for its temperate climate, thermal springs, and ancient landmarks, Ardabil is a destination that captivates the hearts of travelers, historians, and nature enthusiasts alike. This article embarks on a journey to explore Ardabil, uncovering its treasures and inviting readers to discover the wonders of this enchanting province.

The Historical Tapestry of Ardabil

Ardabil’s history is a rich tapestry woven with diverse cultural threads, from ancient kingdoms to significant historical figures. The province’s name itself, Ardabil, is rooted in the Zoroastrian word “Artavil,” which means a holy place. This historical significance is embodied in the Sheikh Safi al-Din Khanegah and Shrine Ensemble, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This architectural masterpiece was built in the Sufi tradition, serving as a spiritual center and a testament to the Safavid dynasty’s legacy, which originated from Ardabil. Visitors to this site are not merely tourists but pilgrims on a journey through Iran’s profound spiritual and cultural history.


Ardabil’s Natural Wonders

Beyond its historical allure, Ardabil is famed for its natural beauty. The Sabalan Mountain, Iran’s third-highest peak, towers over the province, offering challenging treks and stunning vistas. At its summit lies a crystalline lake, formed in a volcanic crater, that is both a sight to behold and a symbol of Ardabil’s natural majesty.

Equally renowned are the hot springs of Sarein, just a stone’s throw from Ardabil. These thermal springs, rich in minerals, are believed to have healing properties, attracting health tourists from across the globe. Whether it’s the tranquility of the hot springs or the rugged beauty of Sabalan, Ardabil’s natural attractions are a haven for those seeking both adventure and relaxation.

The Cultural Heart of Ardabil

Ardabil’s culture is as vibrant as its landscapes, with traditions that span centuries. The province is renowned for its handwoven carpets, which are considered among the finest in the world. The Ardabil Carpet, housed in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, exemplifies the exquisite craftsmanship and artistic heritage of this region.


The local cuisine of Ardabil offers a taste of the province’s rich cultural tapestry. Dishes like Ash-e Doogh, a sour yogurt soup, and Kebab Tabei, a unique take on the traditional kebab, reflect the blend of flavors and influences that characterize Ardabil’s culinary landscape.

Festivals and Traditions

Ardabil’s calendar is dotted with festivals and traditions that celebrate the province’s heritage and natural bounty. One of the most significant is the annual nomadic migration, an age-old tradition where local tribes move to the highlands in summer, a spectacle of culture and history in motion.

Visiting Ardabil: Practical Tips

For travelers planning a visit, Ardabil is accessible by road, rail, and air, with Ardabil Airport connecting the province to major cities in Iran. Accommodations range from luxurious hotels to traditional guesthouses, offering options for every preference and budget.

The best time to visit Ardabil is from late spring to early autumn, when the weather is mild, and the natural landscapes are at their most vibrant. However, for those interested in winter sports, the slopes of Sabalan offer skiing opportunities in the colder months.


Ardabil is more than just a destination; it’s an experience that intertwines the beauty of nature with the depth of history and culture. Whether you’re drawn to the serene landscapes, the warmth of its people, or the echoes of its past, Ardabil invites you to explore its many wonders. As you plan your journey to Ardabil, remember that you’re not just visiting a province; you’re stepping into a story centuries in the making, ready to weave your own chapter into the rich tapestry of Ardabil.

Discover Ardabil, where every corner holds a story, every landscape inspires awe, and every tradition invites participation. Welcome to Ardabil, a journey through time and nature.

Iran, a country adorned with cultural richness and historical depth, offers a unique blend of tradition and natural beauty that beckons travelers from around the globe. Among its myriad of cultural traditions, Sizdah Bedar, or Nature Day, stands out as a vibrant testament to Iran’s enduring relationship with nature and its significance in Persian culture. Celebrated on the 13th day of Farvardin, the first month of the Iranian calendar, this festival offers a splendid opportunity for tourists to explore the natural and cultural landscapes of Iran.

The Essence of Sizdah Bedar

Sizdah Bedar, translating to “getting rid of thirteen,” is a day when Iranians embrace the outdoors, picnicking in nature to mark the end of the Nowruz (Persian New Year) celebrations. This day is rooted in the ancient Zoroastrian tradition, emphasizing harmony with nature. It embodies the spirit of joy, renewal, and the purging of evil, as families gather in the serenity of nature to enjoy a day filled with laughter, traditional foods, and communal joy.

Sizdah Bedar

A Day to Connect with Nature

For tourists, Sizdah Bedar presents an unparalleled opportunity to witness Iran’s natural beauty firsthand. From the lush landscapes of the Alborz mountains to the serene shores of the Persian Gulf, each region offers its own unique setting for festivities. Visitors can join local families in popular picnic spots, immerse themselves in the festive atmosphere, and enjoy traditional Persian dishes, such as sabzi polo (herbed rice) and mahi (fish), amidst the natural splendor of Iran.

Cultural Immersion and Traditions

Sizdah Bedar is more than just a picnic; it’s a day filled with traditions that offer a glimpse into Iran’s rich cultural tapestry. One such tradition is the knotting of blades of grass by young girls, symbolizing a wish for marriage in the coming year. Another is the throwing of the Sabzeh, sprouted wheat or lentils grown for Nowruz, into running water, signifying the return of plant life to nature and the warding off of bad luck.

Sizdah Bedar

Exploring Iran Beyond Sizdah Bedar

While Sizdah Bedar is a highlight for any traveler during the spring season, Iran’s appeal extends beyond this single day. The country is a mosaic of cultural and natural wonders, from the ancient ruins of Persepolis to the bustling bazaars of Tehran. Travelers can explore the poetic city of Shiraz, marvel at the architectural wonders of Isfahan, or lose themselves in the labyrinthine alleys of Yazd, a city famed for its adobe architecture and Zoroastrian heritage.

Sizdah Bedar

Eco-tourism and Sustainable Travel

In recent years, Iran has seen a growing interest in eco-tourism, with Sizdah Bedar being a prime example of this trend. Visitors are encouraged to respect the natural settings in which they celebrate, adhering to principles of leave-no-trace and sustainable travel. This approach ensures that the beauty of Iran’s landscapes is preserved for future generations to enjoy.

Practical Tips for Travelers

For those planning to experience Sizdah Bedar in Iran, a few practical tips can enhance your journey. It’s advisable to book accommodations well in advance, as this period sees an influx of domestic travelers. Embracing local customs and traditions will enrich your experience, and learning a few phrases in Persian can open doors to heartfelt interactions with locals. Lastly, respect for nature and local norms is paramount during your participation in Sizdah Bedar festivities.


Sizdah Bedar, or Nature Day, is a vibrant celebration that encapsulates the essence of Iranian culture’s bond with the natural world. It offers tourists not just a day of festive joy, but a window into the soul of Iran—a country where tradition and nature intertwine in the most beautiful ways. As the world becomes increasingly connected, experiences like Sizdah Bedar remind us of the universal value of nature and the shared joy it brings to our lives. So, if you’re yearning for an adventure that combines cultural immersion with natural beauty, Iran during Sizdah Bedar is a destination that promises memories to last a lifetime.

Nestled in the northwest corner of Iran, West Azerbaijan Province stands as a beacon of the country’s rich cultural tapestry and breathtaking natural landscapes. With Urmia as its capital, this province offers a unique blend of historical sites, natural wonders, and a mosaic of cultures that makes it a must-visit destination for travelers seeking an authentic Iranian experience.

Urmia: The Cultural Heart of West Azerbaijan

Urmia, the capital city, is not just the administrative center but the cultural heartbeat of West Azerbaijan Province. Renowned for its diverse population, Urmia is a melting pot of various ethnic groups, including Kurds, Azeris, and Assyrians, each contributing to the city’s vibrant cultural scene.

Lake Urmia: A Natural Wonder

Lake Urmia, one of the largest salt lakes in the world, lies at the heart of the province. Its ever-changing colors and the surrounding landscapes offer a spectacle that is both enchanting and serene. The lake is a haven for wildlife, particularly migratory birds, making it a paradise for nature lovers and bird watchers.

West Azerbaijan Province

Urmia’s Historical Sites

Urmia is home to several historical sites that offer a glimpse into the region’s storied past. The Urmia Church, part of the Assyrian Church of the East, and the ancient Jameh Mosque of Urmia are just two examples of the city’s rich architectural heritage.

Beyond Urmia: Exploring West Azerbaijan

West Azerbaijan Province is dotted with cities and towns, each boasting its own unique attractions.

Takab: The Home of Takht-e Soleyman

Takab is renowned for the Takht-e Soleyman, a UNESCO World Heritage site. This archaeological site, dating back to the Sassanian era, is believed to have been a Zoroastrian fire temple and later a royal residence.

West Azerbaijan Province

Natural Beauty and Adventure

For those seeking outdoor adventure, West Azerbaijan Province does not disappoint. The region’s diverse landscapes, from the lush forests of Arasbaran to the snow-capped peaks of the Zagros Mountains, offer countless opportunities for hiking, skiing, and mountain biking.

Why Visit West Azerbaijan Province?

West Azerbaijan Province is a destination that offers something for everyone. Whether you’re drawn to the allure of ancient civilizations, the tranquility of nature, or the warmth of its people, this region promises an unforgettable journey through the heart of Iran.

With its blend of cultural heritage, natural beauty, and hospitable locals, West Azerbaijan Province is an undiscovered gem waiting to be explored. So, pack your bags and set off on an adventure to this enchanting part of Iran, where history and nature converge to create a truly unique travel experience.

About Jolfa

Jolfa, a captivating town in East Azerbaijan province, is an annual host to numerous visitors from across the country, thanks to its scenic beauty, rich culture, and strategic location on the border of Iran with Nakhchivan and Armenia. As the heart of the Aras Free Trade Zone, Jolfa is not just a commercial hub but a gateway to exploring the diverse landscapes and historical sites that this region has to offer.

Historical Significance

Jolfa’s landscape is dotted with attractions that cater to a variety of interests. The Aras River border road offers breathtaking views of the natural surroundings and leads to the Aras Dam, showcasing the engineering prowess and natural beauty of the area. The cascading waters of the Asiab Kharabe waterfall are another natural marvel, providing a serene spot for relaxation and photography.

Natural Attractions in Jolfa

Beyond its historical allure, Jolfa is blessed with breathtaking natural scenery. The Aras River Valley offers panoramic views and a serene environment for nature walks, bird watching, and photography. The Qara Kelisa, or Black Church, located in the outskirts of Jolfa, is another natural and architectural wonder, set against the backdrop of rolling hills and clear blue skies.


Cultural Heritage Sites

The town is home to several historical sites that highlight its rich cultural tapestry. The Saint Stepanos Monastery and the Chupan Church are remarkable for their architectural beauty and historical significance, representing centuries of Christian heritage in the region. The Kurdasht Bath and Khwaja Nazar Caravanserai offer a glimpse into the traditional Persian architectural styles and the historical trade routes that passed through Jolfa.


Unique Attractions

Jolfa’s unique attractions include the stepped village of Eshtebin, showcasing traditional Iranian rural architecture and lifestyle. The Zia ol Molk Bridge is another architectural marvel, standing as a testament to the region’s engineering heritage. For those interested in commerce and trade, the Jolfa border market offers a vibrant shopping experience, with a variety of goods and local handicrafts available for purchase.


Tourist Facilities

Jolfa is equipped with a variety of accommodations, from traditional guesthouses to modern hotels, ensuring a comfortable stay for visitors. The town’s infrastructure is well-developed, with easy access to transportation, making it convenient for tourists to explore the surrounding areas.



Jolfa, with its rich blend of cultural, historical, and natural attractions, is a must-visit destination for anyone looking to explore the depth and diversity of Iran’s heritage. From the tranquil waters of the Aras River to the historical echoes of its churches and caravanserais, Jolfa offers a unique journey through time and nature. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, nature lover, or cultural explorer, Jolfa welcomes you to discover its treasures and create unforgettable memories.

Embark on an adventure to Jolfa, the hidden gem of East Azerbaijan, where history, nature, and culture intertwine to offer a unique experience. Visit our website to plan your trip to Jolfa and explore the enchanting beauty and rich heritage of this extraordinary destination. Discover Jolfa’s wonders and let the journey begin!


Need Help?