Pasargadae, the world’s heritage collection, is one of the most ancient collections remains of the Anchaemenid’s era, where the tomb of great Cyrus, the great man of history, is located there. The Pasargadae collection is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful and fascinating historical tourist attractions in Iran. The Pasargadae collection is in fact a collection of ancient Achaemenid archaeological structures located in Fars province. This collection includes buildings like the tomb of great Cyrus, Pasargadae mosque, Pasargad king’s garden, the gate palace, the bridge, the public palace, the private palace, Do-kooshk, fountain king’s garden, the tomb of Cambyses, Tel-takht’s defensive structures, the Mozaffari inn, sacred area and Bolaghi strait. This collection is the fifth collection listed on the world heritage list in Iran, which was registered on the world heritage list with 100% of the votes at the UNESCO meeting held in China in July 2004, because of its great characteristics. “Everywhere in Fars province is a page of history.” The famous Australian traveler has said this sentence during his 5-day trip to Shiraz and his sentence includes Pasargadae too. The Pasargadae of Shiraz, where the tomb of Cyrus is in it, is one of the oldest places in Iran and everyone can enter it. Although many of its parts have been destroyed and no longer exist.
It is about 120 kilometers from Shiraz to Pasargadae. This small town located in the north of Fars province, in neighboring Khorram-bid, Arsanjan and Eghlid. To move from Shiraz to Pasargadae, our way is towards Isfahan and we are on the way to Saadat-shahr. Saadat-shahr is the center of the city of Pasargadae, and its name is on the tablets of the Persepolis. 20 kilometers from Saadat-shahr, we reach the Pasargadae side of the village of Madar-e-soleyman and Kool-shoor. If we have time, we’d better stop in the village of Madar-e-soleyman and eat some charcoal tea, (which is the tea that made on fire.) in addition to having a meal and seeing nature. This area is only 2 kilometers from Murgab plain. The beautiful plain that is called Fars’s jewel, because of its pastures and springs and artificial lake. However the word jewel is not unique to this region, and many areas are known as jewel. Many people, after seeing Pasargadae, spend the night in the Murghab plain to enjoy the pleasant weather in the area and have the night near the river. Although the Pasargadae is located in southern Iran, but it have moderate and mountain temperature and have green vegetation, so it’s not a bad idea to get warm clothes with ourselves.
Pasargadae spectacular parts
For many, maybe the Pasargadae of Shiraz, is the tomb of Cyrus. But the tomb of Cambyses, the public palace, Do-kooshk, the private palace, the Mozaffari inn, the stone bridge and Tel-takht are also other Pasargadae monuments. Although these historical sites are not close together, but since the region is a tourist area, the roads are all asphalted and we can easily reach them.
The tomb of Cyrus
The main purpose of many people’s journey is to see the tomb of Cyrus. The tomb that was restored by Italian repairers in 2018. In the distant years the tomb of Cyrus was known as Mashhad-e-madar-e-soleyman. Moreover the October 29, which the sassanid king enthusiasts, know this day as the day of Cyrus, they are also many visitors in spring. According to historical narratives, Cyrus is killed in the battle with the sekkas and buried in the tomb after mummification. The main building of the tomb is built on seven stone steps and has covered an area of 165 square meters. There are many narratives and legends of this tomb. For example in the interior slope of the tomb’s roof, there are two holes which some know it as the burial place of Cyrus and his wife. This simple but unique building, is 11 meters high and all made of white marble stone. In the past, the coronation of Achaemenid kings was carried out here.
Pasargadae palace collection
This palace collection is part of the world heritage site of Pasargadae. The private palace, the king’s garden, kooshk, the public palace, the bridge and palace are entire palace collection.
The living palace
Although much of these palaces and monuments has been destroyed due to natural disasters, parts of it still remain and are part of Pasargadae tourist attractions. The private palace is located in the north of the Achaemenid garden and the remnants of it show that this palace was the residential area of the Achaemenid palace. The big giant columns which are like Persepolis columns, located all over the living palace or the private palace and it also called Jerz-esangi, because of the great stones that this building was made of.
The public palace
The public palace is also part of the Pasargadae palace, which the parties hosted by the great Cyrus and Achaemenid kings was held there. The building has covered an area of 795 square meters and there are only the four columned porch and two smaller rooms remained. Generally, there is only one column left by eight columns of this palace and the column’s heads made of black stone. On the stones remained by the northwest of the hall in the public palace, there is a doorway that the role of a man and eagle’s foot, are carved on it and they are remain almost intact.
The gate palace
The gate palace, which is in the Pasargadae collection, is very similar to the Mellat gate palace in Persepolis. The palace has covered 726 meters and is located in the east of Pasargadae world heritage collection. According to archaeologists, the palace’s ceiling had eight stone columns with 16 meters high. The only intact inscription in Pasargadae is a great place where the role of a human praying is curved on it, is located in this palace.
The fountain king’s garden
Although nothing remains of this garden, but once in here, Cyrus had made a wonderful garden and collect his favorite flowers, plants and birds. This garden is called fountain king’s garden, Due to the irrigation system of trees in the time of great Cyrus. The stone used in this garden is also white marble.
The winged man
There are many disagreements between the experts on the great statue of the winged man in the Pasargadae historical collection. This inscription is one of the intact remaining inscriptions since Cyrus era. It is famous that Cyrus created a sense of unity and empathy by making this statue, showing a man with a short thick beard and long cloak. Until a few years ago the famous speech of Cyrus, “ I’m Cyrus, the Achaemenid king” in the 3 languages of Elamite, Persian and Akadi was on the top of the statue which now removed from above it.
The stone tower
They know this tower as one of the most beautiful Pasargadae monuments that they used to call it Zendan-e-soleyman, during the Islamic era. Some people believe this tower is the tomb of Cambyses, Cyrus’s son, and some others believe it as a fire temple of the Achaemenid period. The walls are made of white beautiful stone and rectangular gaps and 10 dished windows, make the tower more beautiful.
The Mozaffari inn
It’s said that the Mozaffari inn has been made of abducted stones from the great Cyrus’s tomb. The building has covered an area of 208 square meters and is irregularly erected.