Niavaran Palace Complex
Why should we visit Niavaran palace complex?
Niavaran Palace was the residence of the last king of Iran and his family. If you are into architecture, you will see an interesting composition of Iranian and European architecture in this palace. Another tempting point about Niavaran palace is that this palace is located amidst a beautiful garden with eye-catching scenery. Along with visiting the palace, you can also visit other monuments such as Ahmad Shahi pavilion and the beautiful Saheb Gharani-e palace.
Most Important Palaces and Museums of Niavaran Complex:
The Niavaran Palace:
Niavaran Palace is located at the northeast corner of Niavaran Garden in about 9,000 square meters. Initially, they designed the palace as a place for royal reception and accommodation of important guests. However, eventually it was dedicated to the residence of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his family. The quadrilateral design of the palace and its interior architecture are inspired by Iranian architecture using modern technology. Its ornamentation is also a fusion of pre-Islamic and post-Islamic art.
Most important spaces of this palace: Private Cinema, rooms of king’s children, Farah Diba’s makeup and dressing rooms, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi’s bedroom, dining room, conference room, lounge, waiting room, guest rooms, side corridors, the blue hall, all decorated with precious paintings, carpets and gifts received from different countries. An aluminum sliding roof is also another amazing attraction of this palace.
Saheb Gharani-e Palace:
This palace was built during the Qajar era on the orders of Nassereddin Shah (king) in Niavaran garden. Later, it became king’s most favorite summer palace and countryside. Regarding the architecture of the palace, it is a white building with a pitched green roof. Its interior space is full of mirror workings and plastering masterpieces, immersed in elegance and beauty.
You might be curious to know exactly where the name of palace came from and what its origins are. At that time, every 30 years was considered equivalent to one century (gharn). When the palace was fully constructed, Nassereddin Shah was entering to the thirty-first year of his reign. Since he had ruled for a century (gharn), he decided to name his palace Saheb Gharani-e, which means the proprietor of centuries.
Everywhere in the palace, large paintings display portraits of the Qajar kings, specially Nassereddin Shah and pictures of landscapes such as Mount Shemiran and wonderful works of Kamal-ol-Molk and Hakim-ol-Molk.
This palace consists of several sections. One of the most beautiful parts of the Saheb Gharani-e palace is the Mirror Hall, also known as the Jahan Nama Hall. The mirror working decorations used on the walls of this palace are truly spectacular. This hall was often used as a place for formal banquets and visits.
Jahan Nama Museum of Niavaran complex is one of the most interesting museums in Iran for art lovers. This museum was established to host the gifts presented to Farah Diba, the former Queen of Iran in Pahlavi dynasty and the art works she has bought from other countries. In general, the museum can be divided into modern and ancient sections. Indeed, in this small space, a world has emerged and you can observe the evolution of the feeling and genius of humans.
In the ancient part of the museum, you can see the artifacts found from the sites in Egypt and artworks that date back to 1st and 2nd millennia BC, as well as bronze works discovered in Lorestan, animal figurines, human statues, and pottery vessels of Amlash culture in Gilan county.
You can enjoy visiting art works of these great artists in the museum: Sohrab Sepehri, Bahman Mohasses, Parviz Kalantari, Leyli Matin-Daftari as well as works by the famous western artists such as Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Andy Warhol, Salvador Dali and Marc Chagall, etc.
Ahmad Shahi Pavilion:
This mansion was built in the Qajar period in the middle of Niavaran gardens. It was Ahmad Shah’s summer resident with an area of over 800 square meters, two story, a pitched roof, inspired by the neoclassic architecture style.
One of the main features of this building is the decoration and the brick facade used throughout its exterior. The bricks are molded with a variety of patterns. Another important feature of this construction is passing water through the middle of the mansion, originated in the Alborz Mountains.
As valuable things in this museum, we can mention Reza Pahlavi’s personal collection. It included a number of animal and plant fossils, and his favorite minerals. The most prominent rock in the collection is the meteorite from the Moon, which was donated by former US President Richard Nixon.
The private library:
The private library of Niavaran Palace was built around 1355 in the northeast part of the complex in two floors and a basement in an area of approximate 770 meter. The architecture of the building and the clever combination of glass and mirror will surprise you. The presence of piano and other musical instruments, artifacts such as furniture, sculptures, and paintings used in interior layout remind a space of a museum.
The existing printed book collection in this library is over 23,000 volumes .One of the unique points of this library that distinguishes it from other libraries and make it a museum is the books donated by famous people and authors, including Parvin Etesami, Ali Naghi Vaziri, Manouchehr Atashi, John F. Kennedy, Walt Disney, Jawaharlal Nehru and many other prominent signatures. Other precious works in this library include manuscript books by the masters of Iranian calligraphy.
Car museum of Niavaran palace is a great place to spend time for those who love and follow from classic cars to modern cars. The museum exhibits exquisite old, classic and beautiful cars. The best of them are two Rolls-Royce cars, formerly owned by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, displayed at the museum nowadays. The rest of the cars and motors in the museum are mostly recreational and beachfront.
In addition to the cars displayed at the Museum, you can see a number of photographs, which shows the use of these cars by Pahlavi family. Another thing that will be interesting for you is that a company like Aston Martin exclusively made small cars for the use of Pahlavi family’s children. Motorcycles and car replicas will also attract you.
Address: Tehran province, Tehran district 1, Niavaran Street, Niavaran square.
Phone: 0098 21 2228 2012
Opening hours: every day 9AM-5PM (except holidays)
Cost: 30000 IRR for museums and 55000 IRR for palaces