Nowruz (literally translated New Day) is one of the oldest celebrations in ancient Persia, which is held vigorously in the first day of spring marking the beginning of the Iranian calendar (21 March). Nowruz festivities celebrate the beginning of rebirth of nature and lasts for 13 consecutive days. Celebrated by millions of people in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Tajikstan, India, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan and Turkey, Nowruz is inscribed on UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage List.
The 13th day of Farvardin has been named as Sizdah-Be-Dar or Nature Day in Iranian culture that is an ancient ritual and also it is one of the most important common and shared customs among Iranian tribes. Iranians annually celebrate this day by coming the new year and spring season. spending 12 days of Nowruz holidays with picnicking outdoors in nature; The 13 days of Nowruz holidays will end after this day and everything will return to routine form.
Night (Chelleh night) is one of the most beautiful and longest nights of the year in Iran where the ceremonies and celebrations are held in different ways based on the special traditions of each region.The word Yalda means birth, and the Yalda Night is one of the traditional ceremonies in Iran, which is held by Iranians coming together the family members and relatives in different parts of Iran.
Chaharshanbe Soori is a particular and important common ritual of spring festival among Iranian tribes, which is held before Nowruz (New Year) in Iranian culture. Chaharshanbe Soori is one of the Nowruz rituals which it dates back to Iranian ancient rituals in which the fire is the most important element in all regions and also it is common in different forms among Aryan tribes.
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